History in Dates

The old church, vicarage and school
in 1719, the place of today’s square

 

 

 

 

Varnsdorf in 1821

 

 

 

  

Weekly Fair – 1870

 

 

 

 

The view of the square
from present National Street in 1898

 

 

 

 

The flyover of the airship Sachsen
on 7th March 1903 at 10:00 a.m.

 

 

 

 

The view of the town from
Hrádek hill (1904)

 

 

  

 

The Restaurant on Špičák hill

 

  

 

 

House No. 498, National St. –
former Fölich, now the
Commercial Bank

 

 

 

 

 

Hrádek (Burgsberg)

 

 

 

 

  

Elite Varnsdorf

 

 

 

 

 

Ice rink

 

 

 

 

 

Panorama of Varnsdorf

 

 

 

 

Border crossing to Germany after the reconstruction

 

 

1357
The oldest known written record about Varnsdorf until now
1494
Under the reign of Henry of Šlejnic, Varnsdorf gets the brewing right, the right of capital punishment, the right to store grain, the right of free commerce and trade, and the right to sell salt.
1535
Varnsdorf accepts Lutheranism
1611
King Matthew goes through Varnsdorf on his journey to Bautzen.
1618-1681
The owners are often alternating in connection with their religious denomination.
1641-1648,
The town suffers from the presence of Swede corps.
1648
The evidence of manufacturing white and striped yarn linen appears.
1771
Damask manufacture begins.
1777
The construction of St. Paul’s and Peter’s Dean Church has been completed.
1794
The new school has been built.
1801
The flying shuttle is used in weaving cotton.
1804
The first steam engine starts working, and the Emperor Franz II offers the status of a town to Old Varnsdorf, but the council does not accept.
1819
The first printing cylinder for printed cotton has been installed.
1829
A huge fire of the Burza (Stock Market) building, neighbouring buildings, and the church tower causes melting of the church bells.
1830
The worlwide first complete liturgy performance of Beethoven’s Missa Solemnis (ceremonial mass) takes its plce in the St. Paul’s and Peter’s Church.
1839
The roads to Rumburk via Studánka and to Dolní Podluží have been finished. The latter one enabled connection wth the interior of Bohemia.
1847
Archduke Franz Josef, later Emperor Franz Josef I, is visiting Varnsdorf.
1849
Old Varnsdorf and five surrounding villages unite into one village called Varnsdorf.
1850
The County Court has been established in Varnsdorf.
1851
Gendarme post established in Varnsdorf.
1859
The railway track Zittau – Liberec has been opened.
1863
The Voluntary Fire Squad has been established.
(Freiwillige Turner Feuerwehr)
1868
With the Supreme Decree of His Apostolic Majesty Franz Josef I ,on 28th July, Varnsdorf is declared a town28.
1871
With finishing the railway track Grosschönau – Varnsdorf the Varnsdorf railway station becomes an intersection of the Austrian and Saxon railways.
1872-1874
The Old Catholic Church has been built in New Romanesque art.
1879
The Public Library has been established.
1897
There was a flood on 28th July, the first car driven by a petrol consumption engine goes through Varnsdorf.
1900
The biggest strike of textile factory workers before the World War I.
1905
The Evangelic Church is consecrated on 3rd December. The church is heated with hot air.
1911
St. Charles’ Church construction is started, the church is consecrated the next year, but the building itself remains unfinished / without a tower.
1914-1918
The World War I brings food shortage, difficult supply, the Town Council opens diners for catering the citizens of the town, and issues its own makeshift currency.
1919
The Czech school that is later moved to today’s Erben Street is established in spite of the predominantly German Town Council’s obstacles.
1920
The martial law is proclaimed and lasts until 1921, probably because of smuggling, plundering, and demonstrations against bad supply of the town.
1922
There are very high prices in Varnsdorf, the chronicles say the highest ones in the Czechoslovak Republic.
1923
There are 5,500 unemployed in the District of Varnsdorf.
1930
The census shows that from 22,793 inhabitants there live 1,512 Czech people.
1932-1934
Varnsdorf intensively suffers from the results of the world - wide depression.
1939-1945
World War II does not reach Varnsdof with direct war operations, and the town is not bombed either.
1942
The assembly hall that was very rich in decoration burns down during a huge fire of the Town Hall. The asembly hall in its original appearance has never been rebuilt.
1945
On 9th May at 10:00 a.m. the first squad of the Red Army arrives at the square in Varnsdorf. The streets are given new names. The Varnsdorf Philharmonic Orchestra is established.
1949
After administrative reorganisation from provincial to county administrative division Varnsdorf is in the district of Rumburk and in the county of Liberec. The bus connection with Liberec is begun.
1954
The Czechoslovak Television broadcast is recieved in Varnsdorf for the first time.
1959
After reorganisation and specialisation of health service there remain paediatrics, orthopaedics, and gynaecologic hospital wards, and a maternity hospital in Varnsdorf.
1960
The policlinics is opened in Varnsdorf.
1961
After another administrative reorganisation Varnsdorf belongs to the district of Děčín and to the County North Bohemia.
1967
The border crossing Varnsdorf – Seifhennersdorf is opened.
1968
After the August occupation of Czechoslovakia by the armies of the Warsaw Pact the border crossing to the German Democratic Republic is closed.
1970
The border crossing is opened again, first for haulage only, later for tourists too.
1974
A new fabric- finishing factory of the Velveta national company is opened.
1978
The border crossing is given the status of an international long distance crossing of the first category to all states all over the world. A huge fire seriously damaged the new fabric-finishing factory.
1980
The village of Studánka is administratively connected to Varnsdorf. A health centre for children is opened in house No. 1254.
1986
The construction of the ice rink with artificial ice has been finished.
1987
The sports arena, pensioners’ house with nurse care, and the bus terminal are built and opened.
1988
The amphitheatre of the school in Střelecká Street is reconstructed and opened as the most beautiful concert hall far and near. A hostel for workers with 173 beds is opened too.
1989
A new school building is built and opened in Edison Street.
1990
A plenary meeting of the Town Council takes its place at the Panorama Cinema on 5th January. New members of the Town National Committee Council are adopted by acclamation of the citizens, then a new Town Council is elected by popular vote. The first issue of the local weekly Hlas Severu (The Voice of the North) that used to be issued in the sixties comes to the newsagent’s stalls again. The streets are renamed mostly in accordance with the state in May 1945.
1991
The town market place, a new post office, and the water clearing station have been opened. A stationary guidance centre ward for sense disabled pre school children is established. The industrial companies in Varnsdorf have first problems with the sale of their products. The municipal police is established.
1992
The Town Hall is reconstructed. The obligatory territorial construction plan for the centre of the town is approved. Municipal directive against prostitution is agreed (according to the one in Dubí near Teplice). The splitting of the eastern block economy organisation called the Council for Mutual Economy Collaboration causes huge depression that is closely connected with not keeping the contracts by the foreign customers. Unemployment, lower production, and decreasing of the wages and salaries follow.
1992
The biggest church bell made in Dytrych family workshop is consecrated by Bishop Josef Koukl in St. Charles’ Church on the13th December. The art design of the bell uses the state symbol of the Czechoslovak Federal Republic (one of last using of it). The bell bears this sign: I call for the alive, mourn for the dead, disperse the lightning.